home last update 11-11-2010

2. The sophit letters

    

There are five sophit letters in the Hebrew alphabet. In the English langue we don 't know this phenomenon. But in Hebrew five letters have a different writing form at the end of a word, then when they are used in the middle or beginning of a word. 

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gematria

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I questioned myself why there are five and not seven or eight sophit letters. Or all letters like we know the capitals at the beginning of a sentence (the Hebrew langue doesn't do that) A possible explanation I found in the sequence of ciphers from 1 till 9.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0

In this sequence I searched for changeable and unchangeable numbers. This because there is a change of form at the sophit letters and sometimes also a change of value. The prime numbers I call unchangeable because they only can be divided by themselves. The primes in the sequence are 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7:

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

We see that the sum of the five primes in the sequence of nine is 1+2+3+5+7=18, equal to 2x9, and the sum of the four composite numbers is 4+6+8+9=27, equal to 3x9:

 

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9..............................................................9

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9.................................18

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9......27

 

We can see that in the prime sequence the order number 4 is not available for the 5, because four isn't a prime number. And in the composite sequence the 4 is the only order that's available, namely for the nine:

 

5x Prime 4x Composite

Prime 1=1

Prime 2=2

Prime 3=3

Prime 4=5

Prime 5=7

Composite 1=4

Composite 2=6

Composite 3=8

Composite 4=9

1+2+3+5+7=18=4+6+8

In the alphabet the last nine becomes replaced by the four and this generates an alphabet of 9+9+4=22 letters. The fourth prime is five and these five become inserted into the alphabet:

9+9+4

9

9

4 5

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gematria

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                         5                                      4

18   +4 22 -5 27

These are the numbers with which the alphabet is build. The alphabet of 27 letters is build up out of three times a group of nine numbers and the properties of those nine tell how the 27 should be classified. 27 is the 17th composite. In the alphabet we find 17 unchanged letters and 5 changed double letters. 17 normal letters and 5 letters with a sophit form, together 22 letters. (N.B. In Gen.17:5 Abraham gets the hee, , the 5 in his name)

Now the sophit letters are inserted into the alphabet, it is  the 22nd letter, the tav, , that closes the alphabet. If we count the original order numbers of the sophit letters 23, 24, 25, 26 and 27 two by two until one number is left, the sum is 400, equal to the number value 400 of the tav.  The tav is the fourth letter in the third group of nine. The four is connected with the five, for the fourth prime is five. Coming to completion becomes expressed by the multiplication of the squares of the four and five:

42 x52=16x25=400=

The sum of the order places of the sophit letters, counted two by two, is 400, equal to the number value 400 of the letter tav that closes the alphabet.

        400        
      196 204      
    96 100 104    
  47 49 51 53  

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gematria

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  9 9 4 5

The sophit letters are now replaced, but why on the positions 11, 13, 14, 17 and 18? Also here a mathematical calculation brings order. To make this visible we roll out the prime sequence along the alphabet. The 22nd prime turns out to be 73. It is the tav, , that closes the alphabet:

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prime

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When we count the order numbers of the five replaced sophit letters, then the sum turns out to be also 73:

11+13+14+17+18=73

There are other combinations possible to get the sum 73. I think the explanation is to be found in the prime sequence. If we count the 11th, 13th, 14th, 17th and 18th prime, respectively 29, 37, 41, 53 en 59, than is the sum:

29+37+41+53+59=219

219=3x73

We see that the sum of the prime numbers that correspond with the sophit letter places is a trinity of 73. The trinity is also a part of the building of the alphabet (3x9). This Trinity is also an essential part of the bible. Also in all kind of mathematical realities the three pays a roll. This will become more clear as my story proceeds.

Sum of the letter places of the sophit letters is 73:

11

+

13

14

+

17

18

=

73

 

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gematria

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Sum of the primes on the position of the sophit letters:

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59

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219

.................

...............219=3x73

Also the letter places of the replaced sophit letters we can count two by two in a triangular count until one number is left. The sum is 233. The difference is 125-73=52. The 52nd prime appears to be 233.

 

 

 

 

233

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

400

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

109

 

124

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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51

 

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66

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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125

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233 is the number value of the tree of life. The part of life has the number value 73. Also the word wisdom, chokmah, has the number value 73.

עץ החיים

233

the tree of life

Gen.2:9

החיים

73

of life, the life

Num.17:13

אור יהוה

233

light of Yahweh

Is.2:5

חכמה

73

wisdom

Ex.28:3

The alphabet and the written word can become a tree of life. This becomes expressed not only by this sophit letter construction, but also by the alphabet of 22 letters: 9-9-4 or:

(1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9)+(1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9)+(1+2+3+4)=45+45+10=100

The alphabet is a composition of numbers. The 100th composite number is 133; together they are: 100+133=233. The Word of God becomes written by the alphabet and is a tree of life.

For whom this is a to quick conclusion, I will show how also the first vers uses this construction.

The first verse of the bible describes the creation of duality. The world of opposites. The creation of heaven and earth. Therefore the verse starts with the letter beth, , a two. The letter has the symbolic meaning of a tent or a house. The world of opposites is our house. With word seven, the earth, the duality comes till completion. The word the earth, , closes the first verse. This can be expressed as 27 or 2x2x2x2x2x2x2=128. The 128th composite is 168. The sum of these two numbers is 128+168=296, equal to the CV of word seven, ,90+200+1+5=296. And by the way 296 is composite 233. I can not emphasize enough that Gen.1:1 contains genetic codes for mathematical structures that we also find elsewhere in the bible.

Gen.1:1

128=2x2x2x2x2x2x2

2x2x2x2x2x2

2x2x2x2x2

2x2x2x2

2x2x2

2x2

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the earth

and*

the heaven

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God

created

In the beginning

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Composite 128=168.....128+168=296=

And pay attention to the fact that also the seventh letter of the verse is a beth, a two.

***

An other possible approach of this subject can be found with the triangular number of 5. This number is: 1+2+3+4+5=15. So the triangle of 5 has 15 units. Where the triangle of 4 has a singular center of gravity, there are 3 units in the center of the triangle of 5. The sum of these units is  5 + 8 + 9 =22. The sum of the 'corner stones' is 1+11+15=27, and the sum of the individual digits of these corner stones is 1+(1+1)+(1+5)=9 (for more information about triangular numbers see chapter 5)

 

T4                           T5                                   T6 

The center of gravity of the triangle of 4 is 5. Furthermore is the fourth prime five. This is a relation that exists in the Number Universe. If we count the first four primes the sum is 11 (1+2+3+5=11) and the sum of the first five primes is 18 (1+2+3+5+7=18) This are the order numbers of the first and the last replaced sophit letters, ך, the kaf (11) and ץ, the tsadee (18). The other three order numbers of the sophit letters we can find with  the numbers 5,8 and 9 of the center of gravity of the triangle of five:

 5 + 8 =13 (ם, mem),  5 + 9 =14 (ן, nun) en  8 + 9 =17 (ף, peh).

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The first and the last sophit letter places are together: 11+18=29 (prime 11=29). The sum of the order numbers of the three sophit letters in between is 13+14+17=44. If you check out the table of composite numbers you will find out that the 29th composite is 44.

There are more mathematical relations and possibilities but I think this will be enough for the reader at this moment.

 

The bible writer(s) have built the present Hebrew alphabet with help of the primes and the composites and let's not forget the triangular numbers. But we have to realize that the sophit letters did not exist in Old Hebrew. These letters are only added to the Late or Modern Hebrew alphabet. The Tenach, or Old Testament, already existed as far as I know.

 

 

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Frank Colijn 2005
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